Meltano v2.0 is here! Read about the release on our blog.

Tests

Unit Tests #

Meltano uses Pytest as our primary test framework for Python. You can run the tests after installing the Meltano Python package by running the command pytest from the root of the repository.

We recommend you familiarize yourself with Pytest fixtures, Pytest parametrization, and unittest.mock.

Using Docker under Pytest #

If you’d like to add tests that rely on a Docker container running, you can do that by using pytest-docker. A session-scoped fixture for the service running under Docker should be added within the directory tests/fixtures/docker. The Docker service itself should be defined in tests/fixtures/docker/docker-compose.yml.

Take care to ensure that if docker-compose is not available, tests that rely on it are skipped, as we cannot rely on it being present, but that is not sufficient reason to have those tests fail. Refer to how the fixtures currently implemented in tests/fixtures/docker handle this for guidance.

Integration Tests #

Meltano use a small homegrown framework:q! for integration tests that are generated from the markdown guides in our example library and managed via Github Workflows:

  • docs/example-library/<test-name> holds the markdown guide and the meltano YAML files. The test script is created from the markdown guide via mdsh, and the YAML files are used during test validation.
    • .github/workflows/integration_tests.yml is the workflow definition that actually controls the execution of the tests. In order for an example guide to actually be treated as an integration test, it must be added to test matrix in integration_tests.yml workflow.
  • integration/validate.sh is the main entry point for all integration tests. It takes care of producing the script from the markdown, injecting a logging YAML, diffing the meltano yaml’s, and calling the additional per-test validations when required.
  • integration/<test-name>/validate.sh - optional additional tests to run for a test. Often, this won’t even be needed, but the ability is available if you want to run extended checks (i.e. grepping logs, running sql, etc)

Example library entry #

For example if you wanted to test and document how to transition from using elt to run you might create an entry like the bellow in docs/example-library/transition-from-elt-to-run/index.md:

# Example of how to transition from `meltano elt` to `meltano run`

This example shows how to transition an `elt` task with a custom state-id to a `job` executed via `run`.
To follow along with this example, download link to meltano yml to a fresh project and run:

```
meltano install
```

Then assuming you had an `elt` job invoked like so:

```shell
meltano elt --state-id=my-custom-id tap-gitlab target-postgres
```

You would first need to rename the id to match meltano's internal pattern:

```shell
meltano state copy my-custom-id tap-gitlab-to-target-postgres
```

Then you can create a job and execute it using `meltano run`:


```shell
meltano job add my-new-job --task="tap-gitlab target-postgres"
meltano run my-new-job
```

Our integration framework will then parse this markdown, searching for code fences marked as shell and generate orchestration script for you that looks something like:

meltano install
meltano elt --state-id=my-custom-id tap-gitlab target-postgres
meltano state copy my-custom-id tap-gitlab-to-target-postgres
meltano job add my-new-job --task="tap-gitlab target-postgres"
meltano run my-new-job

Every example should also include:

  1. a meltano.yml that users can start with.
  2. a ending-meltano.yml that covers what the meltano.yml should look like after having run through the guide.

These two are required for examples that will be used as integration tests. The meltano.yml will be used at the start of the test when starting the orchestration script. At the end of the test’s the resulting meltano.yml yielded by the orchestration script will be diffed against the ending-meltano.yml and will need to match!

Validating a new example library entry #

To actually have the docs/example-library/transition-from-elt-to-run/ guide created above tested, it must be added to test matrix in integration_tests.yml workflow.

meltano yaml jsonschema validations #

To validate the meltano.yml jsonschema the workflow .github/workflows/check_jsonschema.yml is used. It runs check_jsonschema on the various meltano.yml files shipped in the example library.